While the causes of drug abuse remain partly unknown, there's been a consistent rise in daily incidence in the United States.
The reality is, almost everyone is exposed to the commonly abused drugs especially if you're in the United States. Drug abuse in the United States throws many individuals especially the working class in the abuse group. It doesn't stop there; its waves have been widely spread to pre-adolescents and the adolescents who're often vulnerable to the numerous predisposing factors mostly in the rural parts of the country.
Critical case evaluations have revealed almost 3 major causes of drugs abuse alongside many other contributing factors. These three (3) major causes evaluated include:
1. Genetic Causes
2. Environment Causes
3. Co-Occurring Causes
This case evaluation of genetic causes reveals that some drug abuse cases run in families. It shows that having a parent that abuse drugs simply put the child at a great risk. Children bore to drug abuse parents hardly escapes the drug abuse problems as they grow up.
Although the environmental causes of drugs epidemics in the United States aren't considered as direct causes, they're certain life circumstances that compel pre-adolescent and adolescents to drugs involvement. This evaluation reveals parental abuse and friends influence as the major factors that contribute to drugs abuse. It reveals that some abusers especially the pre-adolescent and adolescents use drugs to gain parental attention or escape parental abuse. Also, adolescents who want to feel belonged in the midst of friends attempt drug abuse unconsciously. It also reveals that the presence of drugs or drug users in the home can predispose adolescents to abuse drugs.
The Co-occurring Cause evaluation reveals that some drug abusers use drugs alongside other health conditions especially mentally-ill individuals. This doesn't mean that mental illness causes drug abuse; it only suggests that some mentally-ill individuals use drugs as an attempt to manage the symptoms of their mental illness. An individual with depression may repeatedly use drugs to escape from the depression mood which they simply call (self-medication). This doesn't mean the depression causes the drug abuse but it's simply a contributing factor.
Other known contributing factors addressed individually or collective includes:
• Unstable home environments
• Poor parent to child relationship
• Friends or peers influences (peers users)
• Poor academic achievements
• Drug use approval in schools or peer groups
• Behavioural problems
• Permissive attitudes of parents towards drug use and that of their children
While genetic, environmental and the co-occurring cases are considered the major causes of drug epidemics in the United States, there's a possibility that the real cause of a drug abuse case is a combination of some of the risk factors.
Consequences of Drug Epidemic
If you've listened to the news lately, you may have heard of drug epidemics and its effects in the United States. Adolescents involved in drug abuse are at risk for different developmental and behavioral problems. They aren't only exposed to physical, social and psychological effects, there's a high tendency of these effects interfering with their transition to adulthood. Since the teen years are the most significant period of emotional, academic and social development, ongoing drug abuse can lead to a high dependency as they transit from Adolescent to Adulthood. Substance abuse can disrupt or hinders healthy and effective skill development.
Drug overdose and/or abuse have a lot of physical consequences ranging from physical injuries and illnesses to unsafe health practices or behavioral abnormalities. Adolescents practising drug abuse are at a higher risk of involving themselves in unsafe sex habits which makes them vulnerable to HIV and other STIs.
Psychoactive substances such as alcohol and other drug have been proven to have long-lasting effects on the psychological development of adolescents. Adolescents who involve themselves in these psychoactive substances are more vulnerable to mood disturbances and mental health disorders (conduct disorder). They're also predisposed to depression and anxiety as a result of prolonged substance abuse which can interrupt their entire functionality and development.
Impaired social development is another major effect of drug epidemics on the United State adolescents. Almost all adolescents involved in substance abuse are likely to have problems with social development. They're known to separate themselves from friends and families and in one way or the other always involve themselves with the law. Also, because they hardly study or participate in curricular and/or extracurricular activities, it exposes them to academic and employment problems in the long run.
Since 2000, drug abuse rate has risen beyond estimation. In Palm Beach County, Florida alone, the overdose death rate has climbed from 149 in 2012 to over 587 in 2016 and still counting. Overdose deaths have quadrupled in Ohio since 2000 too. This makes it more demanding now than ever for an acute solution. substance use education and rehabilitation have proven to be one of the most effective strategies employed by Detox of South Florida to cob the high incident rate of drug abuse especially in Florida, Ohio and other locations.
The threat is more now, than it ever was. Drug Epidemic in America calls for an abrupt attention. The silent reaper is on the loose. Help! Save America from Drug Epidemic.
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