WASHINGTON — For the first time in more than 30 years, the Justice Department will revise its rules for investigations involving journalists to sharply limit the use of subpoenas or search warrants to obtain the phone records and e-mails of reporters.
According to a Justice Department official, the new guidelines will say that in nearly all instances, news organizations will be notified in advance when federal agents are seeking their phone records as part of a broader investigation.
Two months ago, editors at the Associated Press were surprised to learn that the FBI had secretly seized the dialing records for several reporters and editors in a probe of a leak involving the CIA and foiled bomb plot in Yemen.
AP officials protested the broad scope of the seizures and said they should have been notified in advance.
Under the new guidelines, a news organization would normally have “advance notification to challenge it in court,” said the Justice Department official said, who was not authorized to speak publicly.
Another major change will make it clear that the Justice Department will not target journalists as co-conspirators in a crime in order to obtain phone records or emails from a person accused of divulging classified information.
This change arises from the disclosure that the FBI had obtained a search warrant to obtain records involving Fox News reporter James Rosen. He was not the target of the probe. Instead, the government was investigating a former State Department contractor as the person who had leaked classified information to Rosen.
The Justice Department was sharply criticized for approving a search warrant that suggested Rosen could be prosecuted under the Espionage Act for aiding and abetting the disclosure of classified information.