Colin Kaepernick

Kaepernick exercising protected speech

San Francisco 49ers' quarterback Colin Kaepernick has created quite a stir by refusing to stand during the playing of the National Anthem. He said that he takes this action because of what he sees as the continuing oppression of black people in the United States, especially by police.

This is not the first time in American history that a person or a group, for one reason or another, has refused to participate in what could be described as patriotic ceremonies. One rather dramatic series of events occurred during World War II.

By 1940, Adolf Hitler was already on the march in Europe and patriotic feelings were running strong in the United States. Against that background, a case...