July 1, 2013: Tim Bostic, an English professor, and Tony London, a real estate agent, seek a marriage license from the Norfolk Circuit Court. But the clerk's office rejects their marriage license application on the basis that they are a same-sex couple. Under Virginia law, "only a union between one man and one woman may be a marriage valid by this commonwealth and its political subdivisions."
August 2013: A Washington, D.C.-based law firm, Gibson Dunn, joins the case, with the backing of the American Foundation for Equal Rights, a California organization
Sept. 3, 2013: An amended complaint is filed, with a lesbian couple, Carol Schall and Mary Townley, added to the case as plaintiffs. The new complaint also removes Cuccinelli and McDonnell as defendants and adds Janet Rainey, Virginia's state registrar of vital records.
Jan. 2014: Newly-elected Virginia Attorney General Mark Herring announces he will no longer defend Virginia's ban on same-sex marriage. Anticipating that move, Prince William County Clerk of Court intervenes in the case as a defendant, represented by the Alliance Defending Freedom, an Arizona Christian-rights organization.
Feb. 4, 2014: Oral arguments held at U.S. District Court in Norfolk, with many protesters outside the courthouse on both sides of the issue.
Feb. 13, 2014: U.S. District Judge Arenda L. Wright Allen tosses Virginia's same-sex marriage ban, ruling it unconstitutional under clauses on equal protection and due process.
March 10, 2014: The U.S. 4th Circuit Court of Appeals allows a class-action case from Virginia's western federal district to be consolidated with the Norfolk case. Those plaintiffs are represented by the ACLU of Virginia, Legal Lambda and the firm Jenner & Block.
May 13, 2014: After appeals to the U.S. 4th Circuit Court of Appeals, oral arguments are held in Richmond before a three-judge panel.
July 28, 2014: A three-judge panel rules 2-1 to uphold Wright Allen's ruling.
Aug. 20, 2014: After requests, the U.S. Supreme Court stays lower court ruling in Virginia until it has a chance to weigh in on the issue.
Late August 2014: Several parties ask Supreme Court to hear the case: In Virginia, that includes parties on both sides of the issue.
Oct. 6, 2014: U.S. Supreme Court declines to hear Virginia cases, as well as three other cases from around the country.