The Catholic Diocese of Richmond released a list Wednesday of 42 clergy members who "have a credible and substantiated allegation of sexual abuse against a minor."
It follows the conclusion of an independent investigation completed by a third party. Citing the "highly sensitive nature of the information reviewed," diocese spokeswoman Deborah Cox declined to name the independent examiners.
None of the named clergy are listed as active members. Thirteen are deceased. Most are classified as suspended or removed; five were "laicized," meaning they have been removed from ministry.
Past news reports and information on the diocese website show at least seven have ties to Hampton Roads. Three had ties to Williamsburg.
Joseph Thang Xuan Pham served at St. Bede between 1972 and 1974 as an associate pastor. He was ordained in 1985 and suspended from the church in 2011. The Archdiocese of New Orleans confirmed Pham has since died.
Martin Brady was a reverend assigned to St. Bede on an as-needed-basis. Brady was ordained in 1956 and by 1972 he was removed from the clergy. He died in 2003. In 2016 his name resurfaced in a grand jury indictment as one of several predator priests.
William Reinecke, a Newport News native had served since 1979 until his death as a vicar general and chancellor of the Catholic Diocese of Arlington. He had a brother who lived in Williamsburg and upon his death was buried in Cedar Grove Cemetery after a Mass at St. Bede.
Monsignor Timothy Keeney of St. Bede Catholic Church in Williamsburg referred all questions to the diocese’s director of communications, Deborah Cox who did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
"To the victims and to all affected by the pain of sexual abuse, our response will always be about what we are doing, not simply what we have done," Bishop Barry Knestout wrote in a letter published along with the list.
"We will seek not just to be healed but will always be seeking healing. We will seek not just to be reconciled but will always be seeking reconciliation."
According to the diocese website, the list was compiled after careful analysis. Names were "added to the list if the greater weight of evidence suggested it was more likely than not that the abuse occurred. This does not mean it was proved to have occurred."
A diocese spokeswoman did not respond to a reporter's requests for comment.
However, the list is incomplete. At least one priest with credible allegations of sexual abuse and ties to Williamsburg did not make the list.
Brother Stephen P. Baker, a Franciscan friar accused of molesting more than 100 children in his time in the clergy served on a temporary basis at St. Bede from 1972 to 1974, according to Daily Press archives. He was indicted in March 2016 in Pennsylvania for the abuse.
Baker killed himself in 2013 after the allegations of abuse became public.
Attorney General Mark Herring announced in October the state would investigate the diocese. A spokesperson for the office said Wednesday the investigation is ongoing. Survivors are encouraged to reach out through the Attorney General office’s clergy hotline.
Among the six priests with Hampton Roads ties, the list names Carroll T. Dozier, a Richmond native who served as a curate at St. Vincent’s church in Newport News until 1941. He was transferred to St. Joseph’s Church in Petersburg and served there until 1945. He worked nine years in Richmond, including as Diocesan Director of the Youth in Richmond, then returned to Hampton Roads in 1954 as pastor at Christ the King Church in Norfolk.
After 14 years there, Dozier left the state and became the first bishop of the Diocese of Memphis. Dozier died in Dec. 1985, about two years after he retired.
Also on the list is John E. Leonard, who served as principal of Norfolk Catholic High School from 1987 to 1992. According to an Associated Press story from 2004, he had been on the faculty at St. John Vianney Seminary in Goochland in the early 1970s, when he was convicted of assaulting two teenage boys. He was sentenced to two consecutive 12-month jail terms, which were suspended. Leonard was instead placed on lifelong probation.
The diocese website says Leonard was removed from the diocese in 2004 before his death in 2015.
A Virginian-Pilot story in 2003 reported that Dwight Edward Shrader was removed from St. John the Apostle Catholic Church in Virginia Beach after abuse allegations were made against him by five people. According to the diocese, Shrader was ordained in 1982 and removed in 2003 before his death in 2012.
James Rizer served as an assistant at Our Lady of the Blessed Sacrament Catholic Church in West Point, according to their website.
According to an obituary published in the Daily Press in 1997, Joseph B. Majewski served at St. Jerome Catholic Church in Newport News. The diocese says Majewski was suspended in 2010.
Knestout had told parishioners in September that an independent investigation would be conducted by a third party.
"Our diocese is committed to making public the names of those priests from our diocese who have received credible and substantiated allegations of abuse," Knestout wrote at the time. "I believe this to be an important step in helping survivors."
In October, Attorney General Mark Herring launched a hotline for possible clergy abuse.
The Arlington diocese released its own list of 16 clergy members also on Wednesday. Becky Ianni, Virginia state leader of the Survivors Network of Those Abused by Priests, said the priest who abused her is on it: Reinecke.
"This list coming out will help those of us whose perpetrators are named on there, but there might be a victim out there who spoke with the church and their perpetrator is not named," she said. "For them, it’s like revictimizing them all over again."
Ianni called the lists incomplete because they don't include the dates when the dioceses were made aware of allegations or the locations where each clergy member served.
She also said dioceses don't seem to agree on the definition of "credible." When she recently attended a United States Catholic Council of Bishop meeting in Baltimore, bishops spent at least a half hour talking about it.
"Everyone had different opinions on that, so what’s credible in Arlington might not be credible in Richmond," she said.
Mary McCulloch Stetson, who lives in Virginia Beach, said she's also a survivor.
She attended Christ the King in Norfolk for eight years, she said, during which Dozier served as pastor. Frequently she was asked to complete simple chores, like tidying shelves in the rectory offices for nuns and priests.
She recalled occasions when Dozier, who would wait until others had left the rectory to come down from the second floor, would approach her from behind as she worked.
"He would come up behind me and rub my back. His hands would move down my arms and across my chest, under my shirt and down into my pants," she said. "And you just stand there. You don't move. You just — you do what you have to do to cope with it."
Stetson didn't tell anyone about her abuse for years, she said. It just wasn't an option. She said several years had passed before her younger sister told her that she suffered the same abuse by Dozier.
The abuse at the school wasn't limited to sexual abuse, she said. Students were severely physically punished, too, and she said that also kept her from speaking up about the abuse.
Another priest who also taught classes at the school was bold enough to assault female students in the classroom, she said. Like Dozier, he would start by massaging a student's back before moving his hands to their chests.
"I remember we would fold our arms over our chests when we'd go up to the board," she said.
That priest's name was not included in Wednesday's list.
Priests of the Catholic Diocese of Richmond:
Beardsley, Fredrick James: Suspended
Blankenship, John Paul: Convicted/Laicized
Bostwick, John Raymond: Removed
Butler, John Robert: Laicized
Dozier, Carrol T.*: Deceased
Goff, Richard Bernard: Laicized
Goodman, Julian B.: Removed
Hesch, John Beaman *: Deceased
Higgins, Philip J.: Removed
Leonard, John E.: Convicted/Removed
Leveille, Roland Edmund: Dispensed
Majewski, Joseph B.: Suspended
McConnell, James Henry*: Deceased
Murphy, Dennis Paul: Suspended
Pham, Joseph Thang Xuan: Suspended
Rizer, James Lee: Deceased
Rodriquez, Oscar Alexander "Paul": Convicted
Rule, Steven R.: Suspended
Shrader, Dwight Edward: Laicized
Teslovic, Eugene John: Removed
Priests ordained in the Catholic Diocese of Richmond, alleged to have committed abuse in the present-day territory of the Catholic Diocese of Richmond and later incardinated to the Catholic Diocese of Arlington, or alleged to have committed abuse in both dioceses:
Findlay, Harris Markam*: Laicized
Kamerdze, Paul Jude*: Deceased
Krafcik, Andrew William Paul: Laicized
Munley, John Joseph*: Deceased
Nudd, Robert Eugene*: Deceased
Rea, John*: Deceased
Reinecke, William Thomas*: Deceased
Ryder, Austin Lewis*: Deceased
Religious and Priests of Other Dioceses with allegations of abuse that occurred in the Catholic Diocese of Richmond:
Brady, Martin D., TOR, Franciscan: Deceased
Burkhardt, Gordian, OSB, Benedictine: Laicized
Earley, Richard, R. SSJ, Josephite: Deceased
George, Frederick, OSB, Benedictine: Removed
George, George, Maronite: Convicted
Melody, Roland (Owen John), m.s.ss.t, Trinitarian: Convicted
Philben Francis M., CSS p, Holy Ghost*: Deceased
Ryan, Paul David, Ballarat, Australia: Convicted/Removed
Smalls, Oliver Joseph, Belize, S. A.: Unknown
Religious and Priests of Other Dioceses with allegations of abuse elsewhere, who worked in the Catholic Diocese of Richmond:
Bourbon, Francis R., S.J., Jesuit: Unknown
Burton, Charles Jeffries, S.J., Jesuit: Removed
Dyer, Bernardine George, O.P., Dominican Friar: Dismissed
Fedor, James, Scranton: Laicized
Ludwig, Augustine, OSB, Benedictine: Abandoned Ministry
*The allegation of abuse was made after the priest’s death.
To be laicized means a member of the clergy is dismissed from the clergy.
Steve Roberts Jr contributed reporting. Contact Roberts at 757-604-1329, by email at email@example.com and on Twitter @SPRobertsJr.
Roberts can be reached at 757-604-1329, by email at firstname.lastname@example.org and on Twitter @SPRobertsJr.