Three possible futures for Putin's Russia

“Despite government efforts to reform and diversify the economy, the Russian state remains highly reliant on income from the oil and gas sectors. This dependency is a root cause of many problems facing Russia,” writes Elizabeth Sutterlin, in her award-winning essay in the “Monitor,” the College of William and Mary’s journal of international relations.

Elizabeth Sutterlin is a junior double-majoring in International Relations and Russian and Post-Soviet Studies. She is a research fellow with the Project on International Peace and Security, researching the effects of cellphone technology on ethnic conflict.

“Natural resources revenues allow for the buying off of crucial segments...